Cancer Research for Massage therapy
Cancer affects not only the person that has it but it affects family, friends, co-workers, and whom ever else is around you that cares! You may feel alone or tired but you must keep on going for YOU! I had relatives, and very close friends pass away or beat cancer! I put together this information for those who are searching an answer to feel that there is hope and relaxation. Please feel free to click on any of the websites that I have provided also. Remember to take a deep breath
Studies are showing Viagra and other Erectile Dysfunction medications are causing not just high blood pressure and other serious side affects. I found a link for those whom use the little blue pills. To read more copy and paste the link to nbc news for more info
Study Estimates More than 600,000 Deaths Worldwide Caused by Second hand Smoke
Secondhand tobacco smoke is estimated to have caused more than
600,000 deaths and the loss of more than 10 million disability-adjusted
life years (DALYs) worldwide in 2004, according to the first analysis of
its kind. Women and children were more likely than men to be exposed to
secondhand smoke and to suffer morbidity
from this exposure. The findings
were published online November 25 in The Lancet.
Researchers led by Dr. Mattias Öberg of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, used data for their analysis from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey
and 19 additional surveys published between 1980 and 2007. They used
models to estimate the burden of disease from secondhand smoke exposure
for countries without direct survey data. The research team used the
comparative risk assessment method, which is based on the proportion of
people exposed to a pollutant and the known relative risk of disease
related to that exposure.
The authors estimate that, worldwide, 40 percent of children,
35 percent of female nonsmokers, and 33 percent of male nonsmokers are
exposed to secondhand smoke. In 2004, secondhand smoke caused 379,000
deaths from ischemic heart disease, 165,000 deaths from
lower-respiratory infections, 36,900 deaths from asthma, and 21,400
deaths from lung cancer. Forty-seven percent of these deaths occurred
among women and 28 percent occurred among children.
“Two-thirds of these deaths [among children] occur in Africa
and south Asia…. The combination of infectious diseases and tobacco
seems to be [deadly] for children in these regions,” wrote the authors.
“Prompt attention is needed to dispel the myth that developing countries
can wait to deal with tobacco-related disease until they have dealt
with infectious diseases.
“The provisions of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
should be enforced immediately to create complete smoke-free
environments in all indoor workplaces, public places, and on public
transport,” the authors recommended..
“This landmark study documents the global magnitude of the
problem of secondhand smoke exposure and its devastating consequences,”
said Dr. Cathy Backinger, chief of NCI’s Tobacco Control Research Branch
“These findings should encourage a sense of urgency for ensuring that
nonsmokers are protected from secondhand smoke exposure—a completely
preventable health hazard.”
Breast cancer is the
Cancer in women. With the use of mammograms as routine
screening tests, many breast cancers are detected before they ever cause
any symptoms. The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or
mass in the breast. Breast cancer lumps are generally painless and
hard, and have uneven edges, but they can be tender, soft, and rounded.
Other symptoms include swelling of all or part of the breast, skin
irritation, breast or nipple pain, and nipple discharge other than
breast milk. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and it
also has few symptoms in the early stages when screening tests, such as
blood tests for prostate specific antigen (PSA), are used. Some symptoms
may include difficulty urinating or a decreased stream of urine, blood
in the urine or semen, and pain in the pelvis or back. People with any
of these symptoms should contact their health care provider for an exam.
For more information, please visit
Michelle McDermott, PharmD
Doctors and medical researchers suspect there are two main reasons
why vegetarianism may reduce your chances of developing prostate cancer.
- Vegetables probably contain cancer-fighting agents. The most prominent of these is the antioxidant lycopene,
which is found in tomatoes, pink grapefruit, and watermelon, among
other fruits and vegetables. Some studies have shown that lycopene may
help reduce prostate cancer risk.
For example, a study of physicians found that doctors who ate more
tomato products, particularly tomatoes cooked in olive oil, had reduced
cancer risk, says Otis W. Brawley, M.D., chief medical officer of the
American Cancer Society. Cooking helps release the lycopene, making it
easier for the body to process and absorb the antioxidant.
- Vegetarians eat a meat-free diet. There's a lot
of research that links consumption of red meat and fatty foods to
prostate cancer. "If they're not eating red meat or processed meat,
that's beneficial to their prostate cancer risk," says Colleen Doyle,
MS, RD, director of nutrition and physical activity for the American
Cancer Society. In addition, meats that are grilled or fried too long on
the stove have been shown to contain carcinogens, or cancer-causing
Does Timing Matter?
Let's say you're now convinced a vegetarian diet can lower prostate cancer risk. Should you bother changing the way you eat?
Know the Most Common Types of Cancer
More than 200 types of cancer have been identified, but do you know which are the most common? Learn about the 10 cancers that affect the most Americans each year.
It's estimated that more than 11 million people in the United States have some form of cancer
. There are more than 200 different types of cancer, although many are quite rare. The following are the 10 most commonly diagnosed cancer types in 2009 and the estimated number of cancer patients affected by each:
- Non-melanoma skin cancer. Affecting more than 1 million people a year, skin cancer can form in the skin cells on any part of the body, though most commonly on skin that’s been exposed to the sun. There are several types of skin cancers, including squamous cell skin cancer, found in the flat cells on the top of the skin, and basal cell skin cancer, found in the round cells deeper inside skin's outer layer. Most commonly, skin cancer affects older people or people who have a compromised immune system.
- Lung cancer. Roughly 219,440 cases of this deadly cancer were diagnosed in 2009. Lung cancer strikes the cells inside the lining of the lungs. There are two primary types of lung cancer — small cell and non-small cell lung cancer. Lung cancer claims nearly 160,000 lives annually.
- Breast cancer. This type of cancer will affect 194,280 people in 2009. This is by far the most common cancer in women, says Len Lichtenfeld, MD, deputy chief medical officer for the American Cancer Society. While the overwhelming majority of breast cancer patients are women, about 1,900 cases are diagnosed in men each year.
- Prostate cancer. Just over 192,200 cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed annually. Dr. Lichtenfeld says that this is the most common cancer to affect men, most often men over age 50. The prostate gland is a part of the reproductive system in men and is found at the base of the bladder, near the rectum. This type of cancer develops in the tissues inside the prostate gland.
- Colorectal cancer. There will be about 146,970 new cases of colon and rectal cancers combined in 2010. The colon is part of the large intestine, which helps to break down and digest food, and the rectum is the end of the large intestine that is nearest the anus.
- Bladder cancer. Nearly 71,000 people will receive this diagnosis in 2010. The bladder can be affected by cancer cells that develop within its tissues. The most common type is transitional cell carcinoma, but others, such as adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas, may also occur, depending on which bladder cells are involved.
- Melanoma. Predicted to strike close to 68,720 people, melanoma is another type of skin cancer. It forms in the skin's melanocyte cells, which produce the brown pigment melanin. Because melanoma occurs in skin that contains a lot of pigment, it frequently begins in moles. Melanoma may also be found in other pigmented parts of the body, like the intestines or even the eyes.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Affecting 65,980 people, this is the term for a number of different but related cancers involving white blood cells, or lymphocytes. This type of cancer is frequently characterized by swollen lymph nodes, fevers, and weight loss. People of any age can develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma. There are many different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that affect different cells and parts of the body, with varying prognoses and treatment.
- Kidney cancer. Kidney cancer is diagnosed in more than 49,000 people each year. The kidneys are the organs that help to excrete waste from the body in the form of urine. Cancer can form inside the tissues or ducts of the kidneys. Although kidney cancer develops mainly in people over 40, one type of kidney tumor usually affects young children.
- Leukemia. Approximately 44,790 cases of leukemia were predicted for 2009. The four main types of leukemia are acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic myeloid leukemia. These types of cancer often form inside the bone marrow or other cells and tissues that form blood cells, and are known as blood cancers. Leukemia results in overproduction of certain kinds of white blood cells, which then circulate in the bloodstream. Leukemia can be chronic — a slow-growing type of cancer that begins without symptoms — or acute, meaning the cells can't function normally and symptoms progress rapidly. It affects both adults and children, and kills more children under age 20 than any other cancer.
Other types of cancer that are important to mention include pancreatic, endometrial (uterine), thyroid, and sarcomas, each of which affects fewer than 43,000 people.
An introduction to
benefit of touch
Many people with cancer wonder whether any complementary therapies
can help them. Massage and other gentle body-based practices that focus
on the positive effects of human touch are popular complementary
therapies that you might enjoy.
Touch is important for well-being. It benefits people at all stages
of life and on different levels – physical, emotional and mental. It
improves sleep, reduces muscular tension, provides a sense of well-being
and calm, and can improve self-image and concentration.
Touch is especially needed during illness. It is a powerful
expression of care, acceptance and emotional nourishment. During a
medical procedure, before surgery, or in the midst of discomfort or
anxiety, you will probably find that touch from friends or family can be
This information provides information on the benefits of touch and
massage during and following cancer treatment. It includes advice on how
to receive a safe, comfortable massage from a professional or at home.
Read the editorial
for the Understanding Cancer series.
Content revised January 2009.
Touch through massage
members and friends offer touch to a person with cancer by holding
hands, hugging and sitting close by, this physical contact is very
valuable. Another way to receive touch is through massage. Infants to
the elderly thrive on massage.
For the person receiving treatment for cancer or recovering from it,
massage may be a way to lower anxiety and pain, improve energy, or
decrease nausea. It is a way to feel more loved and to re-connect with
oneself and others. It may ease the discomfort
of a medical procedure or help pass the time while waiting for an
Some people believe massaging someone with cancer may be harmful.
However, light, relaxing massage can safely be given to
people at all stages of their cancer journey.
A complement to conventional medicine
- Massage is one of the most popular complementary therapies and
can be used in conjunction with conventional treatment.
- Massage is not a cure for cancer, but it may lessen side effects
of conventional treatment and improve quality of life.
- Receiving comforting, attentive touch can remind you that your
body can still be a source of pleasure.
- Some benefits people have described about massage include
feeling whole again, being able to share feelings in an informal
setting, re-establishing a positive body image, and rebuilding hope.
The spread of cancer
- It is well documented that massage does not contribute to the
spread of cancer.
- Cancer may metastasise (spread) into the lymphatic system (a part
of the immune system) via the lymph nodes, or it may start in the
lymphatic system itself. Lymphatic fluid (lymph) flows naturally
through the lymphatic system when muscles contract and compress lymph
vessels. This does not cause cancer to spread.
- Researchers have shown that the spread of cancer is because of
genetic mutations (changes to a cell's DNA) and other processes in the
Benefits of massage
Between friends, family members or a partner,
massage can be a form of non-verbal communication to show love,
acceptance, comfort and care.
Some scientific studies show that massage can reduce:
Other benefits may include improvements in:
- neuropathy (nerve damage or disturbance)
- quality of life
- mental clarity and alertness
- meaningful social interaction.
Another benefit of massage is reducing lymphoedema, which is
swelling in tissue. Massage needs to be light, and ideally is part of a
manual lymphatic drainage or total lymphatic drainage treatment,
performed by therapists qualified in these techniques.
and touch therapies for people with cancer
There are many styles of massage and other touch therapies
that are commonly used for people with cancer or recovering from it.
They key to a beneficial treatment is not the type of therapy but the
therapist's ability to adjust the session, depending on a person's
medical history, age, constitution and individual requests.
Scientific evidence supports the use of the following massage
techniques when done gently for reducing various side effects of cancer
and improving people's quality of life. They all require adjustments to
- Acupressure: pressure points on the body are massaged to
relieve physical symptoms in different organs.
- Aromatherapy: aromatic essential oils
are blended in a carrier oil and applied to the skin during a
massage to release stress and tension.
- Lomi lomi or ka huna Massage: Also Known as Tantric Massage Hawaiian style of massage
that stimulates the flow of energy and releases stress and tension.
- Myofascial Release: sliding pressure gently stretches and
heats tissue to release tension in and between the muscles.
- Reflexology: the feet are massaged in specific areas that
correlate to different parts of the body in order to reduce imbalances.
- Seated Chair Massage: massage is focused on the head,
neck, shoulders, back and arms to release stress and tension.
- Shiatsu: pressure points are massaged lightly with the
fingers, thumbs, elbows, knees, hands and feet to restore vitality.
- Swedish Massage: long, flowing strokes balance and tone
soft tissues, stimulate circulation, improve oxygen flow and relax
- Trigger Point Therapy: specific points in the soft tissue
of the body are compressed and stretched to reduce muscular pain.
Other touch therapies
Anecdotal (personal) reports suggest that these gentle styles
of touch may benefit people with cancer by promoting relaxation and
reducing pain. They require minimal or no changes, as they pressure of
the touch is very light.
- Bowen therapy: ( Same as Swedish)through gentle touching and the movement of
soft tissue, the body is rebalanced.
- Craniosacral therapy: subtle manipulation of the head and
spine encourages the release of stress and tension from the body.
touch: the therapist's hands softly touch the body to help resotre an
inner feeling of harmony, balance and well-being.
- Jin shin jyutsu: fingertips or hands are placed on key
parts of the body and special breathing techniques help restore the
- Polarity therapy: gently touching and rocking the body,
and stretching or rotating the legs, leads to deep relaxation and
- Reiki: the hands are gently placed in different positions
along or slightly above the body, which is calming and restorative.
- Therapeutic touch: soothing, rhythmic movements along the
body promote peacefulness and relaxation by restoring the body's energy.
Making the right adjustments
Tumour or treatment sites should not be massaged
to avoid discomfort or undue pressure on the affected area or
Cancer treatments are demanding on the body, so a person undergoing
chemotherapy or radiation does not need the same type of massage as a
person who has just completed a triathlon. Adjustments to the massage
technique are necessary, such as decreased pressure and speed of
After a massage, you will probably feel relaxed, more energetic,
and nurtured. If a session is too vigorous or deep, you may feel
fatigue, pain, flu-like symptoms, bruising or a sense of invasiveness.
These side effects can be minimised or avoided by being open about your
medical history and your individual needs.
Adjustments for the long-term survivor
Eventually, you may be able to return to more vigorous types of
massage, but make sure you ask your therapist to massage using less
pressure in any area that you are still experiencing discomfort. Some
conditions, listed below, will require adjustments to the massage
technique for a long period of time.
- Risk of lymphoedema: If part of your treatment
or diagnostic process included the removal of lymph nodes from the neck,
armpit, or groin, you should only have gentle massage in that section
of the body.
- Bone fragility: Some treatments, such as
radiation or medications, or the disease itself, may cause the bones to
become more fragile. Care should be taken in those areas to avoid undue
- Neuropathy: Certain chemotherapy drugs can
cause long-term numbness in the hands and feet. A lighter pressure is
best for those areas.
Receiving professional massage
The goal of receiving massage during treatment and recovery should
be comfort, support, physical nourishment of the skin, and emotional
nurturing. In this restful state, side effects from cancer treatments,
such as pain, fatigue and anxiety, are reduced and your overall
well-being can improve.
Tips for receiving professional massage
A letter from your oncologist about your
diagnosis and treatment will assist your massage therapist to develop an
appropriate massage plan for you.
Choosing a therapist
Choose a therapist who is a member of a professional
association so you know they have received adequate professional
training in massage.Ask a potential massage therapist about their specific training
and experience in cancer care. For example:
- What types of massage or touch therapies have you been
- What kind of training have you done
to work with someone with a history
- What type of precautions would you take for me?
- What type of clients do you most often work with? (Ideally
people who require special adjustments)
- Would you be able to work with my doctors or other health